which pain reliever कौन सा दर्दनिवारक
which pain reliever कौन सा दर्दनिवारक The kind of medicine you need to treat your pain depends on the type of pain you have.
For pain caused by inflammation, at least in part, such as back pain, anti-inflammatory painkillers are most effective.which pain reliever कौन सा दर्दनिवारक
But for pain that is caused by sensitive or damaged nerves, such as shingles or sciatica, painkillers that work on the nervous system are a better option.
While pain relievers have one clear benefit (they help relieve your pain), they also have potential side effects. This means you shouldn’t take them unless you need them and you’re sure they’re safe for you.
A doctor or pharmacist is the best person to ask about the right painkiller for your pain and how to take it safely. As a start, here’s a guide to 6 different types of pain relievers you may have heard of.
Paracetamol is a simple pain reliever used for headaches and most pain not caused by nerves.
Two 500mg tablets of paracetamol every 4 to 6 hours is considered a safe dose for adults, but make sure you don’t take more than eight 500mg tablets in a day.
Paracetamol usually does not cause side effects, but it can cause liver and kidney damage if you take more than the recommended dose. If your pain is severe, consult a doctor instead of increasing the dose.
You should still visit a doctor if your pain lasts for more than 3 days.
Read more about paracetamol.
Ibuprofen and other NSAIDs
Ibuprofen is a type of antiinflammatory painkiller known as a non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID). Diclofenac and naproxen are other examples of NSAIDs that you may have heard of. This group of pain relievers work best on pain that is caused by some kind of inflammation, such as back pain, arthritis or an injury.
But NSAIDs aren’t safe for everyone.
Talk to you doctor before taking an antiinflammatory pain reliever if:
- you have heart or kidney disease
- you have a stomach condition such as ulcers and indigestion
- you have asthma
- You are pregnant
- you are 65 or older
NSAIDs can cause serious side effects, such as stomach bleeding, kidney damage, and heart problems, so don’t exceed the recommended dosage, and don’t take them for several days or weeks in a row.
If you want to use NSAIDs to treat any pain, talk with a doctor or pharmacist about how much you should take and for how long.
Read more about ibuprofen.
Aspirin is another type of NSAID. It helps to reduce the signs and symptoms of inflammation, but it is not as effective at relieving pain as other NSAIDs, so it is not commonly used to treat pain.
Aspirin works well in bringing down a high temperature and preventing blood clotting. This is the reason why it is commonly used to treat fever and reduce the chances of stroke in people who are at high risk.
It is also good for managing migraine symptoms if you take it as soon as you feel one.
Aspirin has been linked to an increased risk of a condition called Reye’s syndrome in children under the age of 16, so don’t give it to children.
Aspirin may also be unsafe for some adults. Talk to a doctor before you take it if you
- have asthma and growths in the nose (nasal polyps)
- ever had a stomach ulcer
- have a bleeding disorder
- have liver or kidney disease
- have heart failure or another type of heart disease
- are pregnant or breastfeeding
- have anemia, gout, or high blood pressure
- have an overactive thyroid, lupus, or another connective tissue disease
- you are 65 or older
- are taking blood thinners
Read more about aspirin.
Codeine is a type of pain reliever known as an opiate. doesn’t treat pain very well when you take it alone, but does when it’s taken with paracetamol in a tablet known as co-codamol (paracetamol and codeine in the same tablet) , then it works quite well.
It is possible to become dependent on codeine – so it is important to get advice from a pharmacist or doctor before taking it.
Codeine may be unsafe for some people, including:
- COPD, asthma (especially during an asthma attack) or other lung conditions
- brain tumor, abscess, head injury, or other type of brain condition that can cause increased pressure in your skull
- liver disease
- certain types of intestinal diseases, such as ulcerative colitis
If you’re breastfeeding, or trying to become pregnant, or drink a lot of alcohol (more than the amount recommended in your country), avoid codeine and talk to a doctor first.
Codeine and co-codamol can cause side effects, such as constipation, nausea and/or sleepiness, and headache.
Amitriptyline and gabapentin
Amitriptyline is a drug that was originally used to treat depression and Gabapentin is used to treat epilepsy.
But both are also effective in treating nerve pain, such as nerve pain caused by shingles, sciatica, and diabetes.
And amitriptyline can also prevent migraine and tension headaches.
Amitriptyline and gabapentin should be taken regularly to help with nerve pain, but be aware that they both have side-effects, including sleepiness and dizziness. It’s also possible to become dependent on gabapentin, so talk to a doctor before taking it.
Morphine and morphine-like drugs, such as oxycodone, fentanyl, and buprenorphine, are more effective than all pain relievers, so they are only used to treat severe pain.
These come in the form of tablets, injections, patches and drinks. It’s possible to become dependent on either of them, so take morphine only if a doctor or pain specialist is monitoring you.
Morphine and morphine-like drugs can cause side effects such as constipation and sleepiness and/or nausea. They may also be unsafe for some people, including people with these conditions:
- head injury
- dependent on alcohol
- thyroid hormone levels
- shortness of breath
- Conditions that cause fits and seizures.
So, which pain reliever is best for my pain?
As these 6 pain relievers show, different pain relievers work best for different types of pain. This means that before choosing a pain reliever, you should consider the type of pain they treat, the potential side effects, and whether you have any health conditions that make it unsafe for you to take a pain reliever.
Painkillers can have serious side-effects, so get advice from a pharmacist or doctor before taking them. And also keep in mind that read the information leaflet provided with the pain reliever.