gonorrhoea गोनोरिया tabletjankari
gonorrhoea gonorrhea tabletjankari Gonorrhea (gonorrhea) sexually transmitted infection
It is a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Gonococcus. This is also known as “the clap”.
This bacteria is mainly found in the discharge from the penis and vaginal fluid.
Gonorrhea can be easily transmitted between people through:
- having unprotected vaginal, oral, or anal sex
- vibrators or other sex toys that are not washed before sharing or covered with a new condom after each use
The bacteria infect the cervix, urethra (the tube that carries urine out of the body), rectum, and less commonly the eye and throat.
The infection can also pass from a pregnant woman to her child. If you are pregnant and have gonorrhea, it is very important to get tested and treated before the baby is born. Left untreated, gonorrhea can cause permanent blindness in a child.
Gonorrhea is not spread by hugging, sharing towels, swimming pools, toilet seats or cups, plates, cutlery, etc., because the bacteria cannot survive for long outside the human body.
Signs and symptoms
The main symptoms of gonorrhea are thick green or yellow discharge from the vagina and penis, painful urination, and bleeding between periods in women.
However, around 1 in 10 men and half of infected women do not feel any symptoms.
If you have any symptoms of gonorrhea or think you may have an STI, you should visit a sexual health clinic for a sexual health checkup.
Gonorrhea can be easily diagnosed by taking a swab sample of your ejaculate for testing. To detect it in men, their urine sample is taken for examination.
It is very important that you get tested as soon as possible. Because if it is not treated, gonorrhea can cause very serious and long-term problems. in which women
(pelvic inflammatory disease).
treatment of gonorrhea
Gonorrhea is usually treated with an antibiotic injection and an antibiotic pill. With effective treatment, most of your symptoms get better within a few days.
You may be advised to go for a follow up appointment, usually a couple of weeks after treatment. So that a second test can be started to find out that you are free of infection.
You should avoid sex until you have fully recovered.
Read more about this.
Who gets affected? (Who’s affected)
Anyone who is sexually active can get gonorrhea. Mainly those who frequently change partners or do not use contraceptive methods such as condoms during sex.
Successful treatment of gonorrhea in the past does not protect you from getting infected again.
prevention of gonorrhea
Gonorrhea and other STIs can be successfully prevented by using proper contraception and other precautions. As:
- Use a male condom or female condom during vaginal sex or use a male condom during anal sex
- If you are having oral sex, use a condom to cover the penis or a latex or square plastic cover to cover the female genitalia.
- Do not share sex toys or use them only after washing them with a new condom before use.
If you are concerned that you have an STI, visit a sexual health clinic for advice.
symptoms of gonorrhea
Symptoms of gonorrhea usually begin two weeks after infection. Although sometimes he is not seen for months.
About one in 10 men and half of infected women do not experience obvious symptoms; Which means the condition sometimes goes on without treatment.
Symptoms in women
Symptoms of gonorrhea in women may include the following:
- An unusual one
vaginal discharge that may be thin or watery, green or yellow
- pain or burning when urinating
- lower abdominal pain (this is less common)
bleeding between periods or bleeding after sex
Symptoms in men
Symptoms of gonorrhea in men may include the following:
- an abnormal ejaculation from the tip of the penis that may be white, yellow, or green
- pain and burning when urinating
- inflammation of the foreskin
- pain in the testicles
Infection in the rectum, throat or eyes
Having unprotected anal or oral sex can lead to infections of the rectum, eyes, and throat in both men and women. If infected semen or vaginal fluid comes in contact with your eyes, you should
(conjunctivitis) may also occur.
An infection in the rectum can cause discomfort, pain, and ejaculation. Eye infections can cause discomfort, pain, swelling and discharge. Throat infections usually do not develop any symptoms.
Seeking medical advice
It is important to get tested for gonorrhea even if you think you have been infected and you do not have any obvious symptoms or the symptoms have gone away on their own.
If gonorrhea is left undiagnosed and untreated, you can continue to spread the infection and are at risk of potentially serious complications including:
(infertility) is included.
Read more about:
Treatment of Gonorrhea
detection of gonorrhea
The only way to detect gonorrhea is to get tested. If you suspect you have gonorrhea or any other
(sexual transmitted infection) then it is important that there is no delay in the investigation.
You can get tested even if you do not have any symptoms.
and getting treatment
The risk of developing pelvic inflammatory disease or infection in the testicles is reduced. Complications developed from chronic infection become more difficult to treat.
Who should get tested
You are advised to get tested if you:
- you or your partner think you have symptoms of gonorrhea
- you’ve had unprotected sex with your new partner
- you or your partner have had unprotected sex with other people
- you have another sexually transmitted infection (STI)
- your sexual partner tells you he or she has an STI
- During your vaginal exam, your doctor may be able to tell if you have inflamed cells in your cervix.
- you are pregnant or planning a pregnancy
test for gonorrhea
There are several different ways to test for gonorrhea. In many cases, swab samples are taken for testing; However men are simply asked to provide urine samples.
Swabs to collect ejaculate samples from areas that may be infected. It only takes a few seconds and is not painful. Although it can be a bit uncomfortable.
Different tests done on men and women in the investigation of gonorrhea are explained below.
For women, the doctor collects a sample from the vagina or cervix during an internal exam, usually with a swab. In some cases, samples may also be taken from the urethra (a tube that carries urine out of the body).
Sometimes you may be asked to take a sample from inside your vagina using a swab or tampon.
Women are not usually asked to provide a urine sample to test for gonorrhea, as it is not as accurate a test for women.
Men are usually asked to provide urine samples. Or a swab may be used to take a sample of ejaculate from the end of their penis.
If you are asked to provide a urine sample, it is important not to urinate for about two hours beforehand, as this can wash away bacteria and affect the test results.
Infections of the rectum, throat and eyes
If your rectum or throat are likely to be infected, the doctor will need to collect a sample from these areas using a swab.
if you have
If you have symptoms of conjunctivitis such as red swollen eyes with discharge, a sample of discharge from your eye may be taken.
Getting the results
Some clinics are able to do rapid testing, when the doctor can give you your results straight away by looking at the sample through a microscope. Otherwise, you may have to wait to get the result.
treatment of gonorrhea
Gonorrhea treatment usually
It is done with a short course of antibiotics.
You are recommended this treatment if:
- tests show you have gonorrhea
- You are very likely to have gonorrhea even if your test results are negative.
- your partner has gonorrhea
In most cases, treatment consists of an antibiotic injection along with an antibiotic tablet. If you wish and if possible, you may be given another antibiotic tablet instead of the injection.
If you have any symptoms of gonorrhea, they will start getting better in a few days; However, it can take up to two weeks for any pain in your pelvis or testicles to completely go away.
bleeding between periods, or
(period) may be fine until your next period comes.
A follow-up appointment is advised two weeks after the treatment. So that by doing one more test it can be ascertained that you are completely free from infection.
To avoid becoming infected again or spreading the infection to someone else, you should avoid having sex until you and your partner have fully recovered from treatment.
If your symptoms do not improve after treatment or you think you have become infected again, see your doctor.
Gonorrhea spreads easily through intimate sexual contact. If you find out about it, it could happen to someone you’ve recently had sex with. It is important that your current partner and any other sexual partners are examined and treated.
treatment of gonorrhea in children
Babies with symptoms of gonorrhea infection at birth or who are at increased risk of infection because the mother has gonorrhea are usually given antibiotics soon after birth.
It does not harm the baby and helps prevent blindness and other complications of gonorrhea.